How Long and When to Make Takbeerat After Prayers During Eid

The takbeerat of the days of Eid are said after prayers during the days of Eid. There are a number of differences of opinion here:  

The Form:

Some schools held that they should be to say "Allahu Akbar" three times and then "La ilaha illa Allah" followed by "Allahu Akbar" twice and then "wa lillahi al-hamd." Others held that the first set of "Allahu Akbar" should be two and not three. This whole set should be repeated three times after the prayer.

 

When:

The majority held that this set of takbeerat should be said after the obligatory prayers which are held in congregation. Some held that they can be said after optional prayers as well and others held that they can be said when prayers are made individually as well as in congregation.

 

For How Long:

Most scholars said that these takbeerat should start from after fajr on the Day of 'Arafah. Some held that they should continue until Zuhr of the Day of Eid and others held that they should continue until 'Asr on the third of the days of Tashreeq. In this latter opinion it would mean that the takbeerat are made for five days (Day of 'Arafah, First Day of Eid, Three Days of Tashreeq after the First Day of Eid).

 

What to Do:

When praying in congregation one should follow whatever the Imam of that congregation is teaching and leading his followers in. This is because the unity of the congregation is more important than an individual opinion. However, if on one's own I would advise making the takbeerat for all five days and after obligatory prayers whether in congregation or individually. We are greatly in need of the remembrance of Allah in our lives.

 

*This is summarized from the Kuwaiti Fiqh Encyclopedia.

التَّكْبِيرُ. وَصِيغَتُهُ: اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ، وَاَللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ، وَلِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ (1) . وَخَالَفَتِ الشَّافِعِيَّةُ وَالْمَالِكِيَّةُ، فَذَهَبُوا إِلَى جَعْل التَّكْبِيرَاتِ الأُْولَى فِي الصِّيغَةِ ثَلاَثًا بَدَل ثِنْتَيْنِ. ثُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا التَّكْبِيرَ يُعْتَبَرُ شِعَارًا لِكُلٍّ مِنْ عِيدَيِ الْفِطْرِ وَالأَْضْحَى، أَمَّا مَكَانُ التَّكْبِيرِ وَحُكْمُهُ وَكَيْفِيَّتُهُ فِي عِيدِ الْفِطْرِ فَقَدْ مَرَّ الْحَدِيثُ عَنْهُ ف / 12. وَأَمَّا حُكْمُهُ وَمَكَانُهُ فِي عِيدِ الأَْضْحَى، فَيَجِبُ التَّكْبِيرُ مُرَّةً عَقِبَ كُل فَرْضٍ أُدِّيَ جَمَاعَةً، أَوْ قُضِيَ فِي أَيَّامِ الْعِيدِ، وَلَكِنَّهُ كَانَ مَتْرُوكًا فِيهَا، مِنْ بَعْدِ فَجْرِ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ إِلَى مَا بَعْدِ عَصْرِ يَوْمٍ الْعِيدِ. وَذَهَبَ أَبُو يُوسُفَ وَمُحَمَّدٌ (وَهُوَ الْمُعْتَمَدُ فِي الْمَذْهَبِ) إِلَى أَنَّهُ يَجِبُ بَعْدَ كُل فَرْضٍ مُطْلَقًا، وَلَوْ كَانَ الْمُصَلِّي مُنْفَرِدًا أَوْ مُسَافِرًا أَوِ امْرَأَةً، مِنْ فَجْرِ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ إِلَى مَا بَعْدَ عَصْرِ الْيَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ مِنْ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ (1) . أَمَّا مَا يَتَعَلَّقُ بِحُكْمِ التَّكْبِيرِ: فَسَائِرُ الْمَذَاهِبِ عَلَى أَنَّ التَّكْبِيرَ سُنَّةٌ أَوْ سُنَّةٌ مُؤَكَّدَةٌ وَلَيْسَ بِوَاجِبٍ. وَالْمَالِكِيَّةُ يُشْرَعُ التَّكْبِيرُ عِنْدَهُمْ إِثْرَ خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ صَلاَةً تَبْدَأُ مِنْ ظُهْرِ يَوْمِ النَّحْرِ (2) . وَأَمَّا مَا يَتَعَلَّقُ بِنَوْعِ الصَّلاَةِ الَّتِي يُشْرَعُ بَعْدَهَا التَّكْبِيرُ: فَقَدِ اخْتَلَفَتْ فِي ذَلِكَ الْمَذَاهِبُ: فَالشَّافِعِيَّةُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ يُشْرَعُ التَّكْبِيرُ عَقِبَ كُل الصَّلَوَاتِ فَرْضًا كَانَتْ أَمْ نَافِلَةً عَلَى اخْتِلاَفِهَا لأَِنَّ التَّكْبِيرَ شِعَارُ الْوَقْتِ فَلاَ يَخْتَصُّ بِنَوْعٍ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ دُونَ آخَرَ (3) . وَالْحَنَابِلَةُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ يَخْتَصُّ بِالْفُرُوضِ الْمُؤَدَّاةِ جَمَاعَةً مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ إِلَى صَلاَةِ الْعَصْرِ مِنْ آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ، فَلاَ يُشْرَعُ عَقِبَ مَا أُدِّيَ فُرَادَى مِنَ الصَّلَوَاتِ (4) . وَالْمَالِكِيَّةُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ يُشْرَعُ عَقِبَالْفَرَائِضِ الَّتِي تُصَلَّى أَدَاءً، فَلاَ يُشْرَعُ عَقِبَ مَا صُلِّيَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ قَضَاءً مُطْلَقًا أَيْ سَوَاءٌ كَانَ مَتْرُوكَاتِ الْعِيدِ أَمْ لاَ

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